Jim graduated from the University of London in 1996 and spent 4 years in Farm animal and then small animal practice. He started his Residency at the University of Bristol in 2000 under the supervision of Dr David Gould and Professor Sheila Crispin. He was awarded the RCVS diploma in Veterinary Ophthalmology in 2003, and after this left to establish a referral clinic in Devon which he has been running since then. Jim maintained a part time teaching position at the University of Bristol for a further 5 years. He holds both RCVS and European Diplomas in Veterinary Ophthalmology and is an RCVS-recognised Specialist in Veterinary Ophthalmology and European Veterinary Specialist in Ophthalmology.