1. Cataract cortical, immature, posterior, polar.
2. Cataract cortical, immature. Inverted Y posterior. Mimics lenticonus post, but there is a normal posterior shape and capsule of the lens.
3. Cataract, fiberglass-like changes in the nucleus. Not to be ticked as PIED.
4. Cataract, pulverulent-like changes in the nucleus, spreading to the cortex. Presumed inherited cataract in a Buhund. (25.57 kB)
5. Choroidal hypoplasia (CH). Irregular choroidal vessel structures lateral to the optic disc in an 8-weeks-old Collie puppy with CEA.
6. Choroidal hypoplasia (CH), lateral to the optic disc and a coloboma in the optic disc at the 6-o'clock position.
7. Corneal dystrophy (superficial), PIED in a Siberian Husky.
8. Corneal dystrophy. White-grey crystalline, oval to circular, non-inflammatory, corneal opacities, with intact epithelium. Possible inherited eye disease. To be categorized as N.B. Corneal dystrophy…………Under investigation; not yet proven to be inherited in this breed. Two smaller iris coloboma's at 11 and 12 o-clock-position.
9. Entropion, total, lower lid.
10. Entropion of the lateral lower lid plus macroblepharon or oversized lid fissure (stretched fissure length 45 mm) in a Leonberger.
11. Pectinate ligament (PL) with some minor changes at the base of some of the fibers. If the PL displays a few (less than 25% of the PL) such very mild changes, which could possibly fit Pectinate ligament abnormality (PLA), the judgment for the Scheme shall still be: unaffected.
12. Pectinate ligament abnormality, fibrae latae (PLA-FL; in which the normal part of the PL fiber is too short and the abnormal part is broadened; also described as broad bands) and lamina (LA.; plates or sheets of continuous tissue, with or without very short remaining fibers in the angle).
13. Pectinate ligament abnormality, occlusion (PLA-OC.; PL almost totally closed, with some flow holes, and a narrowed angle and/or shallower anterior chamber (not recognizable in the photograph.
14. Normal eye of an 8-weeks-old Miniature Pinscher with hypoplasia of the optic disc in the other eye (see slide 15). There is multifocal retinal dysplasia lateral and medial to the optic disc.
15. Hypoplasia of the optic disc in an 8-weeks-old Miniature Pinscher. The head of the optic nerve is under developed. This puppy showed visual deficit, but hypoplasia may be difficult or impossible to differentiate from micropapilla. For that reason hypoplasia/micropapilla is mentioned together to be ticked on the form. There is multifocal retinal dysplasia lateral to the optic disc.
16. Lens luxation with vitreous flocks in the anterior chamber. Posterior displacement of the lens (including irido- and lentodonesis and deeper anterior chamber).
17. Lens luxation to posterior with aphacic crescent due to ventro-posterior displacement of the lens and reflection from the fundus in the area between the equator of the lens and the pupil.
18. Lenticonus posterior with cataract, slit-lamp photo. Cone-shaped deformity of the posterior part of the lens in a Dobermann with PHTVL/PHPV.
19. Lenticonus posterior, without cataract yet, in a Dobermann with PHTVL/PHPV. The cone-shaped deformity of the posterior part of the lens shows retrolental fibrous dots and a plaque on the posterior lens capsule.
20. Pannus, keratitis pannosa, chronic superficial keratitis, or keratitis Photoallergica, a possible inherited eye disease. Fibrovascular tissue infiltration of the ventrolateral anterior structures of the cornea in a German Shepherd.
21. Persistent hyperplastic tunica vasculosa lentis/persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous (PHTVL/PHPV) in a Dobermann. Grade 1: retrolental fibrous dots on the posterior capsule of the lens.
22. Persistent hyperplastic tunica vasculosa lentis/persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous (PHTVL/PHPV) in a Dobermann. Severe grade. A strand of persistent tunica vasculosa lentis anterior at the 10-o-clock position, from the iris surface, disappearing behind the iris. Central (and peripheral, more vacuole like) cataract in front of the retrolental plaque of fibrous tissue and active blood vessels.
23. Persistent pupillary membrane (PPM). The remaining strands of the PPM, arising from the iris collarette iris are attached to the corneal endothelium, causing a corneal edema-scarring. As vision impairment will occur in this eye, the condition is to be ticked as PPM-affected, iris to cornea in all breeds.
24. Retinal degeneration or atrophy or PRA (hereditary) in an early stage, characterized by an horizontal hyperreflection just above the optic disc.
25. Retinal dysplasia, (multi) focal. Ophthalmoscopically, linear (vermiform), V-, triangular, curvilinear, single or multiple (less reflective in the T. lucidum area and whitish grey in the T. nigrum area) folds of the retina./div>
26. Retinal dysplasia, (multi) focal. Multiple, linear vermiform folds of the retina.
27. Retinal dysplasia, geographical. An area of retinal elevation, with thinning and folding of the retina.
28. Retinopathy, bullous. Possible inherited (likely autosomal) retinal disease seen in the Coton de Tulear breed. Bulging, small, circumscript retinal detachment(s), generally maximally up to one optic disc diameter in size.
29. Trichiasis-entropion of the lateral upper lid with deviated hairs in the normal place around the lid fissure, irritating the conjunctiva and/or the globe. As the eye is enophthalmic, lower lid length and position can not be judged from this photograph.
30. Abyssinian cat (4 y old) with moderate retinal degeneration (due to CEP290 mutation).